The Council of the Eu decided to prolong the mandates for two of its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions in Somalia (EUTM and EUCAP) and Operation ATALANTA until 31 December 2022.
In the context of the holistic and coordinated strategic review of the CSDP engagement in the Horn of Africa, the decision was made to extend the EU’s civilian capacity-building mission (EUCAP Somalia), the EU’s military training mission (EUTM Somalia), and operation ATALANTA, the EU’s executive military maritime operation. The decision supports the EU’s aim to strengthen its role as a security provider.
The successes gained by operation ATALANTA in reducing piracy of the coast of Somalia are expanded by new executive tasks such as countering weapons and drug trafficking, and non-executive tasks of monitoring illegal activities at sea. Combined, the tasks are to strengthen the UN arms embargo on Somalia and the ongoing fight against the extremist Islamic organization Al Shabaab.
The extention of EUCAP and EUTM are to further support the build-up of Somali Security Forces and institutions, with the goal to smoothen a gradual takeover of security responsibilities from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The missions will support the build-up with ‘development of Somali capacities and capabilities through strategic advice, mentoring and training, accompanied by the EU-funded equipment support’. The goal remains to create democratic, sustainable and accountable Somali security institutions, acting under civilian oversight.
The EUCAP mission will continue to focus on strengthening the Somali maritime law enforcement capacity at federal and regional levels in Somaliland and Puntland. The EUTM mission will adhere to the previous installed three pillar approach of advice, mentoring and training, but in addition will ‘refocus its training output on the enabling functions, which are vital for the gradual transition of AMISOM’. The mission will further sustain efforts to develop a functional and effective Somali-owned Training System that can provide in the build-up and management of future Somali National Army force generations.